Diphtheria is a contagious infection caused by Corynebacterium bacteria …
ie bacteria that spread the disease through particles in the air, personal objects, and contaminated household appliances. These bacteria produce harmful toxins if they spread to other parts of the body. Symptoms include a sore throat, fever, and formation of the lining of the tonsils and throat. In severe cases, the infection may spread to other organs such as the heart and nervous system. Some patients also develop skin infections. Many infections occur in developing countries including one of Indonesia, where the number of public awareness of vaccination is still low. Almost all cases of death are experienced by children.
Of course, many of us who think Diphtheria only attack children. Though this disease can attack anyone even you-you are 20 years and over. Especially if you when small ever skip vaccine.
To combat the occurrence of diphtheria outbreaks, the government now provides ORI (Outbreak Response Immunization) or immunization handling of extraordinary events in areas affected by diphtheria. The program will be held regularly on December 11, 2017, January 11, 2018, and July 11, 2018.
Diphtheria affects infants and children more. Because of their low immune levels. Plus the lack of awareness of parents to give diphtheria vaccine.
Then, do adults still need to get Diphtheria vaccine?
The emergence of cases of diphtheria in adults is largely due to not being vaccinated or immunization status that is complete since childhood. That’s why you need to make sure you’ve received diphtheria vaccine or not. If it is not, then you still have to be immunized again to prevent this disease.
diphtheria vaccine there are several types. Starting with DPT (diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus) given to infants, DPT combo (DPT with a combination of HIB and Hepatitis B or Polio), there is also Td (Tetanus-diphtheria) for toddlers and adults, and Tdap (Tetanus-diphtheria -and acellular pertussis) that can be applied to children to adulthood.
Adult diphtheria vaccine uses Td / Tdap vaccine, ie DPT vaccine with antigen and pertussis reduction. The difference is Tdap using the component of acellular pertussis, meaning pertussis bacteria made inactive so rarely cause a fever.
Ideally, diphtheria vaccine is given three doses from the age of two to the age of 18 (age 5, 10-12, and 18 years). After that, this vaccine will be more effective if given every 10 years during a lifetime. Why? Therefore, the vaccine is only able to provide protection for 10 years, so after 10 years should be given a booster or amplifier.
Vaccine administration was performed on:
– Adults who have never received Td vaccine or immature status immunization, given 1 dose of Tdap vaccine followed by Td vaccine as a booster every 10 years.
– Adults who are not immunized, given the first two doses with a range of 4 weeks and a third dose was given after 6 to 12 months of the second dose
– Adults who have not completed three doses of primary TD vaccine given the remaining unmet dose
So guys, have you got Diphtheria vaccine?